The first to have its own constitution and a member of the original 13 colonies is the state of New Hampshire. The motto of the state, ‘Live Free or Die’, is the perfect description for this state that has a strong feeling of independence. The U.S. Constitution was finally put into effect in June, 1788, when New Hampshire became the 9th state to ratify it. The state plays a pivotal role in national elections, with national primaries held there first. The results usually exert great influence on the outcome of the nation’s vote, which has given way to the saying ‘As New Hampshire goes, so goes the nation’. The state is one of the windiest in America and home of the famous Mount Washington and White Mountains. The capital city of New Hampshire is Concord.
New Hampshire has 10 counties, with five of them created in 1769 when the state was still a colony of the British. In 1840, the last counties created were Carroll County and Belknap County. Famous American or British people or geographic features and locations are the names given to the greater number of counties in the state. Only Coos County is different, deriving its name from the meaning of an Algonquin word which is ‘small pines’.
New Hampshire’s highest court is the Supreme Court of New Hampshire, which is also its only appellate court. The Supreme Court is composed of four associate justices and one chief justice that are appointed positions through the power of the Executive Council and the governor. The term is good until the mandatory retirement of 70 years old and dependent upon ‘good behavior’. The judges from the lower court can be specially assigned by the Supreme Court’s senior member should any vacancy happen. The state’s judicial system and the administrative authority is held by the Supreme Court.