Of the 50 states, the seventh biggest and one of the least populated is the state of Nevada. The capital city is Carson City, located in the western portion of the state. The state’s biggest city is Las Vegas, the popular destination for decadent casinos and showy entertainment since Nevada made gambling legal in the state. The biggest reservoir, Lake Mead, and the biggest project for public works in the annals of the United States, the Hoover Dam, call Nevada home.
In 1864, long before it was eligible for statehood, Nevada was admitted to the Union in order to successfully launch the reelection bid of President Abraham Lincoln. Congress created an act that took land from Arizona to give to Nevada so the desert state could have access to the Colorado River.
There is one independent city, Carson City, and sixteen counties in the state of Nevada. Nine counties were established on November 25, 1861, during the time when Nevada was still a territory. By October 31, 1864, when Nevada was received into the union, it had increased its counties to eleven.
The ultimate judicial power in the state of Nevada is the Supreme Court of Nevada. Laws of the land are implemented through their decisions and recommendations for improvements and changes. Most cases are heard by panels of three justices, while important cases and legal issues may call for an en banc or full court panel of seven justices.
The District Courts are the next in line to the Supreme Court, with a total of 82 judges. The courts have general jurisdiction powers, which means that they can hear family and juvenile, criminal, and civil cases.
The county courts are called the Justice Courts, with 63 justices serving on them. These courts handle preliminary arraignments and hearings for felonies and misdemeanors, misdemeanor criminal matters, and traffic cases.