Lying at the northeastern part of the United States is Maine, the biggest of the six states of New England. As an aspect of the Missouri Compromise on March 15, 1820, Maine became a free state and the 23rd state to enter the union. Missouri entered as a slave state during that treaty. New Hampshire and the provinces of Canada, namely New Brunswick and Quebec, surround Maine. Known for its rocky coastline, Maine is also famous for its production of blueberries and lobsters.
Maine is composed of sixteen counties, many of which had already been defined even when it was part of Massachusetts and called the District of Maine. York County was the first named county, created in 1652 by the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s government to govern the southern Maine territories. The names of the counties in Maine are inspired from its mix of Native American, British, and American pre-colonial, colonial and national past.
The highest judicial court in Maine is the Maine Supreme Judicial Court which is composed of a chief justice and six associate justices. The Governor appoints the justices with the approval of the Maine Senate. The justices have initial seven-year terms which they can serve with no limitations after.
The Maine Court has the authorization to make advisory opinions which makes it one of the few in the United States to do so. The Legislature or the Governor can request advisory opinions from the Maine Court.
Augusta is the capital city of Maine, but it is not the location of the highest court of Maine. The reason is because the courthouse of Kennebec County does not have the needed dimensions to allow the proceedings of the Supreme Court. The Kennebec Courthouse was used between the years 1830 and 1970, but the permanent residence of the Supreme Court is now in the Cumberland County Courthouse in Portland.