The natural beauty and balmy weather which has earned it the sobriquet of being called the Sunshine State, Florida was the 27th state to join the union in 1845. In 1513, an expedition led by Juan Ponce de Leon, a Spanish explorer, discovered Florida and named it Feast of Flowers or ‘Pascua Florida’ as a tribute to the Easter celebration of Spain. The war between the population of Native Americans and the U.S. troops happened in this state during the early 1800s. Florida seceded from the union during the Civil War, the third state to do so. The scenario during the late 19th century was a massive settlement from people coming from the northern states to escape the frigid winter season. Tourism became the major industry of Florida during the 20th century until today, where millions of tourists flock the state every year. Most of the citrus fruits come from Florida, including grapefruit and oranges.

Florida has a total of 67 counties that originally came from two counties when it became one of the United States’ territories in 1821. The formation of Gilchrist County in 1925 marked last county formed in Florida when it was taken from a part of Alachua County. The power to form their own charters was given to the counties in 1968, and all are incorporated municipalities except for two, which are East Naples and Crawfordville.

The system of unified state courts comprises the judiciary system of Florida. This kind of judicial system is composed of:

The supreme court of the state which is the Florida Supreme Court,
The intermediate appellate courts which are the five District Courts of Appeal, and
A courts for each Florida county, two types of trial courts, and a total number of 20 circuit courts.

Jails

Public Records

Court Clerk