Arizona, home to the famous Grand Canyon, was one of the last 48 coterminous states to be included in the union. The state used to be a part of New Mexico, which was ceded in 1848 to the United States, and in 1863 became a separate territory. It was February 14, 1912, when Arizona finally became a state. The main industry of Arizona up to the 1950s was the mining of copper, after it was discovered in 1854.
Phoenix is the capital city of Arizona, and its size of 113,990 square miles makes it the sixth largest state in America. After the Second World War, Phoenix became one of the boom cities in America with the advent of air conditioning and refrigeration.
It is believed that the name of Arizona was derived from a phrase in the Basque language meaning ‘place of oaks’, but others believe that it came from an Indian phrase meaning ‘place of the young’.
The court that holds the general jurisdiction of the state is the Superior Court of Arizona. Each county has a single entity of this superior court, which is vested in a judge of the superior court. There are counties that have more than one superior court judge, and it is through numbered divisions that these justices operate. Superior court justices are entitled to a four-year term, and the Supreme Court of Arizona has the sole power to assign a presiding judge when there is the presence of more than two superior court justices.
Arizona consists of 15 counties, with each county having their own superintendent of schools, county recorder, three to five school supervisors, sheriff, treasurer, county attorney, and assessor, which are all elected positions for a term of four years.